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P. Cézanne

Paul Cézanne

Photo of Paul Cézanne
ARTIST'S PAINTER DATA
Full name: Paul Cézanne.
Nationality: France.
Year of birth: 1839, Aix-en-Provence, France.
Year of death: 1906, Aix-en-Provence, France.
Style: Impressionism and post-impressionism.

Paul Cézanne was a French painter, one of the main fathers of Impressionism. According to many collectors, with Cézanne "everything" began, referring to the beginning of revolutionary movements that half a century later would converge in modernism.

He was born into a wealthy and Catholic family, though initially reluctant, his father financially supported him to prosper in his artistic career and also left him a substantial inheritance. Cézanne retained his Catholic beliefs throughout his life.

At the age of 22, he moved to Paris where he was a disciple of Camille Pissarro. He was not overly valued in his time, rather considered a second-tier artist, as evidenced by the many times he was rejected in galleries, as well as the artist's inability to make a living from his work.


Cézanne's Works

Cézanne's paintings are considered as the initiators of modern pictorial art. His works, appreciated posthumously, display forms and colors unthinkable for his time. He always fought to simplify shapes and experiment with ways of perceiving space, therefore the perspectives and proportions of his works are sometimes very peculiar.

His compositions, mostly constructed from patches of colors fitted together, give the paintings a moist, fantastic and "undefined" appearance.

To buy, access the store section Cézanne oil paintings.



  • "View of Bonnieres"
    Author: Paul Cézanne
    Original title: Vue de Bonnieres
    English title: View of Bonnieres
    Style: Impressionism
    Genre: Landscape
    Type: Painting
    Technique: Oil
    Support: Canvas
    Year: 1866
    Located at: Fabre Museum, Montpellier

    Cézanne surprises in this work with the simplicity, often referred to as "humility", in his brushwork. This type of domestic kitchen imagery, alongside landscapes, are the main inspirations for the painter.


  • "Fruit and a Jug on a Table"
    Author: Paul Cézanne
    Title (English): Fruit and a Jug on a Table
    Style: Impressionism
    Genre: Still life
    Type: Painting
    Technique: Oil
    Support: Canvas
    Year: 1890-1894

    Cézanne surprises in this work with the simplicity, often described as "humility", of his brushstroke. These kinds of domestic kitchen images, alongside landscapes, are the main inspirations for the painter.


  • "The Card Players"
    Author: Paul Cézanne
    Original title: Les Joueurs de cartes
    English title: The Card Players
    Style: Impressionism
    Type: Painting
    Technique: Oil
    Support: Canvas
    Year: 18941895
    Located in: Owned by the Royal Family of Qatar

    Throughout his career, the artist painted a variety of scenes similar to The Card Players, including character sketches and different gaming rooms. This particular painting, being the final version, became known for being the most expensive painting in the world, reaching $250 million in 2011. Those familiar with Cézanne's work know that this painting represents one of his most elaborate compositions, with existing sketches by the artist and all sorts of figure and color tests.


  • "Still Life with Flowers and Fruit"
    Author: Paul Cézanne
    Original title: Fleurs dans un pot de gingembre et fruits
    English title: Still Life with Flowers and Fruit
    Style: Impressionism
    Genre: Still Life
    Type: Painting
    Technique: Oil
    Support: Canvas
    Year: 1888-1890
    Located in: Alte National Galerie, Berlin

    Among the large number of paintings based on the same topic, this one shows the most richness in detail and color. The composition is also considered unusual: on the left side, a black shadow from which a radiant tablecloth emerges and the color spots of the bouquet sparkle across the canvas.

    The objects are: four pears, a plum, and a bouquet with daisies, poppies, and carnations. All placed on a stiffened tablecloth, typical of Cézanne's compositions.


  • "Pines and Rocks"
    Author: Paul Cézanne
    Original title: Pins et Rochers (Fontainebleau?)
    English title: Pines and Rocks
    Style: Impressionism
    Theme: Nature
    Type: Painting
    Technique: Oil
    Support: Canvas
    Year: 1897
    Located in: MoMA Museum, New York

    It is not known for certain where and when this painting was created. Some experts assert that the work dates from 1897, based on the size and the amount of paint used in the brushstrokes. It is believed that the place depicted in this work is in the Forest of Fontainebleau or in a region near Paris, where Cézanne spent much time at the end of the 19th century.


  • "Country House by a River"
    Author: Paul Cézanne
    English title: Country House by a River
    Style: Impressionism
    Type: Painting
    Technique: Oil
    Support: Canvas
    Year: 1890
    Located in: Israel Museum, Jerusalem

    This is a typical landscape of French Impressionism, arranged with slightly more simplified geometry. The coloration and distribution of elements are exceptional.

    Cézanne had learned much from the most popular techniques of the time when executing strokes in the most genuine Impressionist style. This particular work clearly shows the influence of the French painter Camille Pissarro.


  • "The Pond"
    Author: Paul Cézanne
    English title: The Pond
    Style: Impressionism
    Type: Painting
    Technique: Oil
    Support: Canvas
    Year: 1879
    Located in: Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

    The canvas presents a typical 19th-century French landscape, on the banks of a river in a rural setting.

    Four human figures, arranged on a small hill with a pond at the base, each character experiencing the moment in their own way. The greens and blues used were the painter's favorite colors to represent nature.


  • "Turn in the Road"
    Author: Paul Cézanne
    Original title: La route tournante
    English title: Turn in the Road
    Style: Impressionism
    Type: Painting
    Technique: Oil
    Support: Canvas
    Year: 1881
    Located in: Museum of Fine Arts, Boston


  • "Mill on the Couleuvre at Pontoise"
    Author: Paul Cézanne
    Original title: Le moulin sur la Couleuvre à Pontoise
    English title: Mill on the Couleuvre at Pontoise
    Style: Impressionism
    Type: Painting
    Technique: Oil
    Support: Canvas
    Year: 1881
    Located at: Alte National Galerie, Berlin

    Depicts one of the many mills in the Pontoise region, which in that era relied on the grain trade for their existence.


  • "Table, Napkin, and Fruit"
    Author: Paul Cézanne
    Original title: Table, Serviette et Fruit
    English title: Table, Napkin, and Fruit
    Style: Impressionism
    Type: Painting
    Technique: Oil
    Support: Canvas
    Year: 1900
    Located at: Barnes Foundation, Philadelphia

    This is one of the many paintings where the artist depicts fruits arranged in a home setting, with the color and composition of this particular work standing out for its beauty.


  • "Still Life with Apples"
    Author: Paul Cézanne
    Original title: Nature morte
    English title: Still Life with Apples
    Style: Impressionism
    Type: Painting
    Technique: Oil
    Support: Canvas
    Year: 1895-1898
    Located at: MoMA, New York

    Though he returned to this artistic genre repeatedly throughout his career, it was during this period that Cézanne was most prolific in these types of paintings: domestic scenes, especially related to kitchen elements.

    Fruits, jars, napkins, and curtains arranged harmoniously; the depth of field, centered on the observer, along with the representation of light and space, make this work judged by experts as worthy of a genius.


  • "View of Mount Mareseilleveyre"
    Author: Paul Cézanne
    English title: View of Mount Mareseilleveyre and the Isle of Maire
    Style: Impressionism


  • "The Black Castle"
    Author: Paul Cézanne
    Original title: Château Noir
    Style: Impressionism
    Type: Painting
    Technique: Oil
    Support: Canvas
    Year: 1903-1904
    Located at: MoMA, New York

    A neo-Gothic structure that captivated Cézanne, located near Aix, France. It was painted by the artist in 1904. This painting was once owned by Claude Monet, who hung it in his bedroom in Giverny.


  • "House of Père Lacroix"
    Author: Paul Cézanne
    English title: House of Père Lacroix
    Style: Impressionism
    Type: Painting
    Technique: Oil
    Support: Canvas
    Year: 1873
    Located at: National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., USA

    Depicts a house hidden behind the generous foliage of trees, with thick and diffuse brushstrokes.


  • "Mountains of Sainte-Victoire"
    Author: Paul Cézanne
    English title: Road Before the Mountains, Sainte-Victoire
    Style: Impressionism
    Type: Painting
    Technique: Oil
    Support: Canvas
    Year: 1898-1902
    Located at: Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg, Russia.


  • "The Tree by the Bend"
    Author: Paul Cézanne
    English title: The Tree by the Bend
    Style: Impressionism
    Type: Painting
    Technique: Oil
    Support: Canvas
    Year: 1881-1882
    Located at: Israel Museum, Jerusalem

    This is a bicolor landscape (green and beige) of the French countryside.

    The composition is made up of endless oil stains that outline the different figures of the countryside: dirt roads, small hills, trees, and shrubs. The horizon of the painting (quite high) is irregular and is formed by a green vegetal mantle that gives way to a blue and pink sky.

Do you want an oil painting by P. Cézanne in your home?
See it in the store in the section Cézanne oil paintings

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