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J. Sorolla y Bastida

Joaquín Sorolla y Bastida

Photo of Joaquín Sorolla
ARTIST DETAILS
Full name: Joaquín Sorolla y Bastida.
Nationality: Spain.
Year of birth: 1863, Valencia.
Year of death: 1923, Madrid.
Style: Luminism and Spanish Impressionism.

Born on February 27, 1863, this Valencian artist captures in his art the periods of luminism and impressionism, hugely important for the artistic evolution that leads to contemporary art.

His use of white as one of the protagonist colors, has managed to make his works have an unparalleled luminosity and a unique signature that easily distinguishes him from his peers.

The era in which he lived (between the 1860s and 1920s) was crucial for the development of history, so much so, that the changes of that era affected humanity in every sense. Almost 100 years after the industrial revolution of 1790, answers were sought to essential questions posed by the philosophies of Marx, Nietzsche, and others. Art also launched answers, giving rise to a painting that sought to identify itself. Thus Claude Monet, Vincent van Gogh, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, and many others, managed to form the bases of a bold and transparent style.

The most important contribution of Sorolla was the fluid brushstroke and the colorfulness with which he developed an authentic avant-garde style, tinged with the cultural and philosophical concerns of the time.

His greatest legacy focused on mythological, historical, and social representations (Spanish costumbrismo), becoming a true master in this field. From his first impactful work: "Another Margarita", to the end of his days.


Works by J. Sorolla y Bastida

To purchase, access the store section Sorolla oil paintings.



  • "Sewing the Sail"
    Author: Joaquín Sorolla
    Style: Luminism
    Genre: Costumbrismo
    Original title: Sewing the Sail
    Title (English): Mending the Sail
    Type: Painting
    Technique: Oil
    Support: Canvas
    Year: 1896
    Location: Museo del Prado, Madrid

    The painting shows a group of people mending the sail of a sailboat in Valencia. The work belongs to the artist's series of Spanish costumbrismo paintings.


  • "Stroll by the Sea"
    Author: Joaquín Sorolla
    Style: Luminism
    Genre: Costumbrismo
    Theme: Valencia Beach
    Title (English): Women Walking on the Beach
    Type: Painting
    Technique: Oil
    Support: Canvas
    Year: 1909
    Location: Museo Sorolla, Madrid

    This is one of Joaquín Sorolla's most celebrated works, showing his wife and daughter walking along the Mediterranean beach of Valencia, achieving unique light effects in his style.

    In this painting, the artist's special ability to capture sunlight reflected on white fabrics is fully displayed.


  • "Grotto in the Garden in Seville"
    Theme: Rural
    Author: Joaquín Sorolla
    Style: Impressionism
    Type: Painting
    Technique: Oil
    Support: Canvas
    Year: 1910
    Location: Museo Sorolla, Madrid

    Impressionist painting by Joaquín Sorolla y Bastida. The painting shows a part of the Garden around the Alcazar of Seville.


  • "White Boat"
    Author: Joaquín Sorolla
    Style: Luminism
    Genre: Marina
    Type: Painting
    Technique: Oil
    Support: Canvas
    Year: 1905
    Location: private collection.

    This masterpiece of Spanish impressionism captures a customary scene from the Valencian coast, featuring two children in the sea, playing with their boat.


  • "Three Sails"
    Author: Joaquín Sorolla
    Style: Luminism
    Genre: Costumbrismo
    Theme: Valencia Beach
    Genre: Marina
    Original title: The Three Sails
    Type: Painting
    Technique: Oil
    Support: Canvas
    Year: 1903
    Location: private hands

    This painting marvelously depicts a scene from Spanish costumbrismo, specifically from the early 20th century along the Mediterranean coast. It features three women and a baby walking along the beach, with three sailboats sailing in the background.


  • "Girl Entering the Sea"
    Author: Joaquín Sorolla
    Style: Luminism
    Theme: Valencia Beach
    Original title: Girl Entering the Bath
    Type: Painting
    Technique: Oil
    Support: Canvas
    Year: 1915
    Location: Private collection.

    Painting of a little girl running towards the sea in Valencia.


  • "The Balandrito"
    Author: Joaquín Sorolla
    Style: Luminism
    Genre: Costumbrismo
    Genre: Marina
    Original title: The Balandrito
    Type: Painting
    Technique: Oil
    Support: Canvas
    Year: 1909
    Location: Museo Sorolla, Madrid

    Depicts a young boy playing with a toy sailboat in the sea.


  • "Girls in the Sea"
    Author: Joaquín Sorolla
    Style: Luminism
    Theme: Valencia Beach
    Original title: Girls in the Sea
    Type: Painting
    Technique: Oil
    Support: Canvas
    Year: 1909
    Location: Museo Sorolla, Madrid

    Belonging to the series of marine paintings done in Valencia, Spain.


  • "Idyll at Sea"
    Author: Joaquín Sorolla
    Style: Luminism
    Genre: Costumbrismo
    Theme: Valencia Beach
    Genre: Marina
    Title (English): Sea Idyll
    Type: Painting
    Technique: Oil
    Support: Canvas
    Year: 1908
    Location: Hispanic Society of America, New York

    The work shows a couple of children playing on the Valencia beach in the mid-20th century.


  • "Leaving the Bath"
    Author: Joaquín Sorolla
    Style: Luminism
    Genre: Costumbrismo
    Original title: Leaving the Bath
    Type: Painting
    Technique: Oil
    Support: Canvas
    Year: 1915
    Location: Museo Sorolla, Madrid

    It is not very common for Sorolla to use a mosaic of colors to depict the simplest figures, in this case, he uses a large part of the palette to paint the faces of the mother and son; which appear shaded by the white towel receiving the sun's rays from above.

    The image is costumbrista, inspired by typical family life on the Valencian coast.


  • "The Fisherman"
    Author: Joaquín Sorolla
    Style: Luminism
    Genre: Costumbrismo
    Genre: Marina
    Type: Painting
    Technique: Oil
    Support: Canvas
    Year: 1904
    Location: Private hands

    This work was painted in 1904 and belongs to the series of paintings set in Valencia.


  • "Fishing"
    Also known as: Ayamonte and The Tuna Fishing
    Author: Joaquín Sorolla
    Style: Luminism
    Genre: Costumbrismo
    Genre: Marina
    Type: Painting
    Technique: Oil
    Support: Canvas
    Year: 1919
    Location: Hispanic Society of America, New York

    This painting depicts a customary scene from the town of Ayamonte in Huelva, painted in 1919. It shows the fishermen processing the tuna they have just extracted from the sea.


  • "The Pink Robe"
    Author: Joaquín Sorolla
    Style: Luminism
    Genre: Costumbrismo
    Type: Painting
    Technique: Oil
    Support: Canvas
    Year: 1916
    Location: Museo Sorolla, Madrid

    The beauty of the costumbrista scene is not overshadowed by the complexity of the work. Master Sorolla brilliantly executed the figures, wind, and light sources. The painter achieved one of the warmest and most joyful paintings of his career.


  • "Breakwater of San Sebastián"
    Author: Joaquín Sorolla
    Style: Luminism
    Genre: Marina
    Original title: Breakwater, San Sebastián
    Type: Painting
    Technique: Oil
    Support: Canvas
    Year: 1918
    Location: Museo Sorolla, Madrid

    This painting depicts a summer evening (almost night) in the Basque city where residents gather to watch the majestic natural spectacle. The cloudy and stormy sky led the artist to select from his palette a range of tones close to green and gray.

    Sorolla demonstrates an extraordinary vision, capturing the slightest details and nuances, so that the painting shows not only the image but the entire atmosphere of the moment.


  • "The Horse Bath"
    Author: Joaquín Sorolla
    Style: Luminism
    Genre: Costumbrism
    Type: Painting
    Technique: Oil
    Medium: Canvas
    Year: 1909
    Located at: Sorolla Museum, Madrid

    The work shows a young man taking his animal out of the sea after washing it.


  • "Under the Awning"
    Author: Joaquín Sorolla
    Style: Luminism
    Genre: Costumbrism
    Original Title: Under the Awning, Zarauz Beach
    Title (English): Under the Awning
    Type: Painting
    Technique: Oil
    Medium: Canvas
    Year: 1905
    Located at: Sorolla Museum, Madrid

    belongs to a series of canvases painted in the Basque Country by Joaquín Sorolla in 1905. The artist was not inclined to give unique titles to each painting, which is why the title of this one is repeated in other works of the same series.

    The image is luminous, showing a peaceful beach afternoon, with elegant, loose, and fresh clothing. Typical of the Basque aristocracy of the time.


  • "Bathing Time"
    Author: Joaquín Sorolla
    Style: Luminism
    Theme: Valencia Beach
    Original Title: Bathing Time
    Type: Painting
    Technique: Oil
    Medium: Canvas
    Year: 1909
    Located at: Sorolla Museum, Madrid

    This painting is part of the classic series where the artist portrayed a variety of characters in everyday situations, always around the Valencia coast.

    A girl in pink entering the beach, under the watchful eye of her caretaker, who carries a baby in her arms.

    Sorolla had a special predilection for painting children, and an astonishing ease and mastery in representing reflections of wet sand, clothing mixed with shadows and sunlight. This is one of the works where the most elements that the painter managed at will are combined.


  • "Boats at Rest"
    Author: Joaquín Sorolla
    Style: Luminism
    Type: Painting
    Technique: Oil
    Medium: Canvas
    Year: 1915

    Empty boats moored on the bank of a river.


  • "The Siesta"
    Author: Joaquín Sorolla
    Style: Luminism
    Original Title: The Siesta
    Type: Painting
    Technique: Oil
    Medium: Canvas
    Year: 1911
    Located at: Sorolla Museum, Madrid

    Considered a masterpiece of modern Impressionism.

    The canvas shows four young maidens lying on the grass, one of them sitting up. The characters are crafted using blotches, the effects of light and shadow with thick brushstrokes, as had been the practice of Impressionist masters from Holland and France.


  • "Skipping Rope"
    Author: Joaquín Sorolla
    Style: Luminism
    Original Title: Skipping Rope, La Granja
    Type: Painting
    Technique: Oil
    Medium: Canvas
    Year: 1907
    Located at: Sorolla Museum, Madrid

    The canvas depicts four girls playing, of whom the protagonist is the artist's own daughter, on sun-bathed earthen ground, with numerous trees and a blooming garden in the background of the scene. It is a very dynamic customary composition, with the characters captured through diffuse brushstrokes, which accentuates the movement and cheerful character of the painting.


  • "Valencian Fisherwomen"
    Author: Joaquín Sorolla
    Style: Luminism
    Genre: Costumbrism
    Original Title: Valencian Fisherwomen
    Type: Painting
    Technique: Oil
    Medium: Canvas
    Year: 1915
    Located at: Sorolla Museum, Madrid

    A typical early 20th-century scene set on the coast of Eastern Spain, where often women had to contribute to the household economy with their work.

    Three female characters, weathered by experience and the sun, are the protagonists of this painting, looking out to the sea, with empty baskets to collect seafood and babies in their arms.


  • "Under the Awning Zarautz"
    Author: Joaquín Sorolla
    Style: Luminism
    Theme: Valencia Beach
    Original Title: Under the Awning, Zarautz Beach
    Type: Painting
    Technique: Oil
    Medium: Canvas
    Year: 1910
    Located at: Sorolla Museum, Madrid

    Painting of women dressed in white watching the sea under an awning on Zarautz beach, Basque Country.


  • "After the Bath"
    Author: Joaquín Sorolla
    Style: Luminism
    Theme: Valencia Beach
    Genre: Marine
    Type: Painting
    Technique: Oil
    Medium: Canvas
    Year: 1908
    Located at: private owner.

    This painting depicts a Valencian young man wrapping a maiden after coming out from her bath in the sea. The attire of both is traditional of the city of Valencia in the early last century.


  • "María at the Beach of Biarritz"
    Author: Joaquín Sorolla
    Style: Luminism
    Genre: Marine
    Original Title: María at the Beach of Biarritz or Backlight
    Type: Painting
    Technique: Oil
    Medium: Canvas
    Year: 1906
    Located at: Sorolla Museum, Madrid

    This painting is an outdoor portrait with the particularity that the main figure is illuminated from behind. The vibrant whites of the sea foam open a beam of light that hits María (the painter's daughter) from behind. The overall effect is overwhelming, while the strength of the color falls on the background, the main figure appears almost floating in the foreground.


  • "Children Looking for Shellfish"
    Author: Joaquín Sorolla
    Style: Luminism
    Genre: Costumbrism
    Theme: Valencia Beach
    Original Title: Children Looking for Shellfish
    Title (English): Children Looking for Shellfish
    Type: Painting
    Technique: Oil
    Medium: Canvas
    Year: 1919
    Located at: Santander Bank Collection, Madrid

    The theme of the painting is a recurring one for the artist, in fact, it was the main subject he developed throughout his career: children playing, bathing, and posing on the beach. The jovial and innocent character of the work is even more pronounced under the contrasts of light, ochre nuances, and brightness in all the elements: rocks, children, and water.


  • "Two Sisters"
    Author: Joaquín Sorolla
    Style: Luminism
    Theme: Valencia Beach
    Genre: Marine
    Type: Painting
    Technique: Oil
    Medium: Canvas
    Year: 1909
    Located at: Art Institute of Chicago

    Belonging to the series of customary works that the painter created in his homeland, Valencia. It depicts little girls on the Mediterranean coast, with the sun and typical white dresses of the place.


  • "Clotilde and Elena on the Rocks"
    Author: Joaquín Sorolla
    Style: Luminism
    Theme: Valencia Beach
    Type: Painting
    Technique: Oil
    Medium: Canvas
    Year: 1905
    Located at: Private collection.

    In this work, the Valencian painter depicts his wife and daughter walking on the rocks at the beach.


  • "An Investigation"
    Author: Joaquín Sorolla
    Style: Luminism
    Genre: Costumbrism
    Original Title: An Investigation
    Type: Painting
    Technique: Oil
    Medium: Canvas
    Year: 1897
    Located at: Sorolla Museum, Madrid

    The realistic work depicts the study of the neurologist Luis Simarro, who, while manipulating one of his experiments, draws the attention of his five assistants. The dispersion of light is fascinating, with only the table on which all characters focus their gaze receiving direct light. From there, different levels of indirect light and shadows develop.


  • "White Slave Trade"
    Author: Joaquín Sorolla
    Style: Luminism
    Original Title: White Slave Trade
    Type: Painting
    Technique: Oil
    Medium: Canvas
    Year: 1894
    Located at: Sorolla Museum, Madrid

    The painting shows five young women huddled around the madame (dressed in black), in the confined space of a train cabin. Both the theme and execution of the work are uncommon for Sorolla. The realistic brushstroke with a luminist touch, depicting realities of the time, is part of a style classified by experts as "social realism."


  • "Children on the Beach"
    Author: Joaquín Sorolla
    Style: Luminism
    Genre: Costumbrism
    Theme: Valencia Beach
    Original Title: Children on the Beach
    Type: Painting
    Technique: Oil
    Medium: Canvas
    Year: 1910
    Original Dimensions: 118 x 185 cm.
    Located at: Prado Museum, Madrid

  • "After Bathing"
    Author: Joaquín Sorolla
    Style: Luminism
    Genre: Costumbrism
    Original Title: After the Bath
    Type: Painting
    Technique: Oil
    Medium: Canvas
    Year: 1909
    Located at: Sorolla Museum, Madrid

    As he did in many of his works, he was inspired by the typical coastal life of the inhabitants of Valencia in the early 20th century.

    The composition is complex and the lighting effects are notable. The costumbrist scene shows two girls in the shade of a wooden parapet, where they dry and dress after a bath in the sea. The two main characters are surrounded by: two children playing in the sun, on the beach shore; bathers in the distance; an awning with shade and light; the sand with various nuances and a chair with wet clothes in a corner.


  • "Snapshot of Biarritz"
    Author: Joaquín Sorolla
    Style: Luminism
    Theme: Valencia Beach
    Original Title: Snapshot
    Type: Painting
    Technique: Oil
    Medium: Canvas
    Year: 1906
    Located at: Sorolla Museum, Madrid

    The work shows a woman dressed in white reading a book by the sea. The strokes, colors, and landscapes belong to the unique pictorial style created by the artist.


  • "The Garden"
    Theme: Period Scene
    Author: Joaquín Sorolla
    Style: Impressionism
    Type: Painting
    Technique: Oil
    Medium: Canvas
    Year: 1907
    Located at: Sorolla Museum, Madrid

    shows a woman with a landscape in the background.

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